Problems involved in choosing appropriate criteria and procedures for economic analyses of breed and mating system evaluation experiments in sheep are described. Literature is reviewed of experiments in which biological or economic efficiency has been investigated. The range in relative economic merit from the poorest to the best group in an experiment typically is from 100 to 120, with values over 140 not uncommon for the best group in an experiment. Heterosis for economic traits per ewe mated has ranged from 2% to 26%. Suggestions are presented for consideration in future studies on the economic ramifications of mating system and breed utilization strategies. Particularly critical is the need to assess accurately the feed costs of individual grazing sheep. Also critically needed are bioeconomic simulation models for each major physical environment and management system for sheep production.
Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume IX. Breeding programs for dairy and beef cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats., , 509–522, 1986
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