Information on performance parameters of riverine breeds of buffaloes has been examined to identify potential for milk, meat and work. Murrah and Nili-Ravi; the large size breeds, have the highest milk production. Selection based on progeny tests on single herd basis has not yielded desired results. No worthwhile field recording programmes have been initiated. Small herd size and poor economic status of the farmers have been the serious limitations in these programmes. Possible ways for undertaking these have been suggested. The need for undertaking research on development of appropriate methodology for sire evaluation under field conditions has been stressed. Use of multiple ovulation and embryo transfer technique to increase selection response has been suggested. Crossing among riverine and river x swamp breeds has resulted in significant improvement in milk yield and reproduction parameters. Breed comparisons of Indian, Pakistani, Egyptian and European breeds need to be made for developing programmes of improvement. It has been recommended that surplus male calves could be used for quality meat production using feed lot technology.

P. N Bhat, V. K Taneja

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume IX. Breeding programs for dairy and beef cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats., , 681–693, 1986
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