The broad range of applications for using simulation In animal breeding 1s surveyed. Six areas are Identified where simulation studies can help the animal geneticist: data analysis; rates of genetic change; selection Indices; gene action, animal genotypes and phenotypes; and complex economic systems.
With economic applications, the evaluation of Investment opportunities (Investment Marketing Packages), breeding objectives and return on Investment 1n breeding are considered and Inter-related. Electronic spreadsheet deterministic models which collate knowledge about characteristics of breeds, and their crosses, with financial considerations would be of benefit to farmers, their advisors, and to bankers.
Simulation provides an excellent tool for the integration of quantitative knowledge from a variety of disciplines. The exercise of defining the model, forces an evaluation of the key factors Influencing the outcome. This can help Identify those areas which require further experimentation or extension to Industry.

A. E McClintock

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume IX. Breeding programs for dairy and beef cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats., , 389–397, 1986
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