Compared with other populations the thoroughbred population in the Federal Republic of Germany is very small and it is characterized by a high number of owners in relation to horses. If important systematic environmental effects (e.g.trainer) are not taken into account in genetic evaluation, breeding values are biased and heritability as well as genetic progress is overestimated. In spite of strict selection of stallions on the basis of their own racing performance only little genetic progress in thoroughbred population of the FRG was obtained.

Rudolf Preisinger, J. Wilkens, E. Kalm

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume XVI. Poultry, fish and horse genetics and breeding, growth and reproduction, immune response and disease resistance., , 217–220, 1990
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