A successful programme for genetic improvement will only develop and succeed in the long term given three major outcomes. These are genetic advances within the breeding sector, transfer of these advances to the production sector, and resulting financial rewards sufficient to reimburse the relevant businesses that enable the improvement programme including research and extension components. Sound principles of biology and economics can be applied to identify the relative importance of traits to improve business profit. Research in genetics can identify characteristics that can be measured and used to rank breeding individuals that can move the population towards the industry goals. However, achievement of such a programme depends on all sectors of the industry developing a shared vision and co-operating in its implementation. This takes time to achieve, especially in emerging industries where production and economic circumstances may be rapidly changing, and in user-pays environments where research and extension must be funded by industry

Dorian J Garrick

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume 25: Lactation; growth and efficiency; meat quality; role of exotic breeds in the tropics; design of village breeding programmes;, , 296–302, 1998
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