China is the largest producer and exporter of cashmere in the world. And Inner Mongolia cashmere goats, a large population of 13 million individuals, are the country’s most important contributors to the cashmere production, and economic earners, which provides approximately 30% of the world’s cashmere. The further enhancement of the fibre quality is necessary for the competition in the world market. Therefore, better control of the quality is of importance for cashmere production to satisfy the consumer’s requirements for a consistently desirable product. Knowledge of the extent of genetic variability is a prerequisite for the genetic improvement of the primary traits. Some genetic parameters and genetic correlation or phenotypic correlation amongst particular traits in some breeds of cashmere goat have been estimated (Patties et al., 1989 ; Baker et al., 1991 ; Rose et al., 1992 ; Bigham et al., 1993 ; Ning et al., 1995). However, there is little scientific literature available on the genetic background of main production traits in Inner Mongolia cashmere goat, which requires an analysis on variance component estimates and accurate genetic parameter evaluation under animal models in characteristics for the seed-stock selection and progress of genetic improvement in Inner Mongolia cashmere goats.

H. Zhou, Daniel Allain

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume 2002. Session 12, , 12.08, 2002
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