Abstract

Mapping the diversity and characteristics of European farm animal genetic collections: banks or museums? A.S. Passemard1, S.J. Hiemstra2, M. Tixier-Boichard3, & C. Danchin-Burge1 1 IDELE, 149 rue de Bercy, 75595 Paris Cedex 12, France coralie.danchin@idele.fr (Corresponding Author) 2 Centre for Genetic Resources, the Netherlands (CGN), Wageningen University & Research , P.O. Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands 3 GABI, INRA, AgroParisTech, University Paris-Saclay, Jouy en Josas, 78352, France The setting up of germplasm and genomic collections is a way European countries have been developing increasingly to secure their Animal Genetic Resources. One of the first task of the EU H2020 programme IMAGE was to make an inventory of the European genetic collections. Our results, compared with other studies, showed that we have a good coverage of the germplasm collections, however it was probably not as representative for genomic ones. The 61 mapped collections illustrate the fact that European countries are hosting a great diversity of samples in term of species, breeds and donors. However collections differ greatly in term of organisations, managements and development Also when collections’ can be defined as “sufficient” in main stream breeds, sampling is still quite scarce in rare breeds, both by the number of doses and the number of donors in collections. Last but not least, most genetic collections seem to be still in a first development stage, focusing in storing material (“museum phase”), while collections use is still limited (“bank phase”). One of the following goal of the IMAGE project will be to shift the European collections’ perspectives to a more active phase. Keywords: germplasm collection, genomic collection, survey, Europe, livestock species

Anne-Sophie Passemard, Sipke Joost Hiemstra, Michele Tixier-Boichard, Coralie Danchin

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume Electronic Poster Session - Challenges - Species Conservation, , 651, 2018
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